Solar Section        

 
 

April 12, 2017

A short Summary of Carrington Rotation 2188

Carrington Rotation 2188 covered the time period from 2017-03-06 0126 UT – 2017-04-02 0848 UT.
328 Reports and images were submitted and can be viewed in ALPO’s Solar Archive for CR2188:

http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=98139

During the rotation we could observe 6 regions, half of which were only visible for about three days or less and two of them did not make it above 10 millionths. The rotation did start with a re-emergence of AR2141 for one day, with a size of 10 millionths, followed with a spotless streak of 15 days. The largest region, AR2645, reached its maximum area of 380 millionths on the last full day of the rotation on April 1st. This day also marks the maximum for the rotation of the Total Daily Active Region Area which was at 580 millionths while the Wolf Number maxed out at 79. The rotation did have a total of 16 spotless days, bringing the total spotless days since Solar maximum to 62.

For this Rotation we would like to feature three images by three of our observers, James Kevin Ty, David Teske, and Howard Eskildsen. Thanks to them, as well as all other contributors, for another great rotation. Please take a look at their images by clicking on the above link leading to our archive.
Theo Ramakers
Acting Assistant Coordinator, the ALPOSS

 
 

April 13, 2017

“Tornados” on the Sun

“Tornados” on the Sun happen many times, but you need some luck to observe one, and even more luck to capture an animation. ALPO member Theo Ramakers had this luck on March 3 2011 during his normal Solar imaging session. When observing a nice heart shaped prominence at the Eastern Limb, an area which were to become Active Region 1166, he noticed that the plasma was moving rapidly and changing the shape. His instinct told him to start a one hour imaging session, in which he captured 54 images between 15:18 and 16:19 UT. After processing, he built an animated gif, showing the rotation which you can see here.
http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=13571
In order to imagine the speed at which it rotates, please note that the top of the tornado is almost 60,000 miles wide and the animation captures 1 hour of rotation. It is also interesting to note that the base of the tornado shifts during the one hour and seems to “walk” the surface of the active region. Below three images, the first one is a composite of 6 of the 54 images taken, showing the movement of the plasma, the second gives a view of the tornado against an inverted full solar disk image of the Sun, and the last one an image of NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory AIA camera at 304 nm, twenty minutes before the capturing of the animation images was started, and the “tornado” clearly can be seen already.

 
 

April 6, 2017

The 2017 Solar Eclipse – Part 2

Dr. M. D. Reynolds continues his discussion on the Great American Eclipse. This second part was published in the 2016 Spring edition of ALPO’s Journal, “the Strolling Astronomer”. Click the following link, or right click the link to download the pdf for off line reading .
Part 2 – The 21 August 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

 

 

 
 

March 30, 2017

A short Summary of Carrington Rotation 2187

Carrington Rotation 2187 covered the time period from 2017-02-06 1724 UT – 2017-03-06 0126 UT.
315 Reports and images were submitted and can be viewed in ALPO’s Solar Archive for CR2187:

http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=97088

During the rotation we could observe 10 regions, of which half of them were only visible for about three days or less. The largest region, AR2638, reached its maximum area of 150 millionths for two days on February 23 and 24. The Total daily Active Region Area of 210 millionths reached its maximum on March 1st while the Wolf Number maxed out at 55 on March 3rd and 4th. The rotation did have two spotless days on February 9th and March 5th, bringing the total spotless days since Solar maximum to 47. In addition, on February 26th, South America was treated to a partial eclipse and three observers did submit images.

For this Rotation we would like to feature three images of the partial eclipse by three of our observers, Guilherme Grassmann, German Morales, and Avani Soares. Thanks to them, as well as all other contributors, for another great rotation. Please take a look at their images by clicking on the above link leading to our archive.
Theo Ramakers
Acting Assistant Coordinator, the ALPOSS

 
 

March 4, 2017

The 2017 Solar Eclipse – Part 1

In preparation for the Great American Solar Eclipse on August 21 2017, the ALPO Solar Section will publish a number of articles which were originally written by Dr. M. D. Reynolds for ALPO’s Journal, “the Strolling Astronomer”. The first article was published about a year ago in the Winter 2016 issue. To get up to date for this exciting event, follow the articles as they are published here. Click the following link, or right click the link to download the first pdf for off line reading .
The 21 August 2017 Total Solar Eclipse – Part 1

 
 

February 12, 2017

A short Summary of Carrington Rotation 2186

Carrington Rotation 2186 covered the time period from 2017-01-10 0913 UT – 2017-02-06 1724 UT and is our first rotational gallery for 2017.
So far 331 reports and images were submitted for our archive, and can be viewed in ALPO’s Solar Archive for CR2185:

http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=96049

The rotation did start with 3 spotless days. During the rotation we could observe 9 regions of which three did exist for about two days or less. In fact one of them, AR2630 appeared and disappeared almost immediately. The largest region, AR2629, reached its maximum area of 220 millionths on January 26, the same day the Total Active Region Area for the Sun reached its maximum of 410 millionths. The Wolf number reached its maximum of 55 a day earlier on January 25.
Counting the three spotless days at the beginning of the rotation, the total spotless days since Solar maximum increased to 45.

For this Rotation we would like to feature again a few drawings submitted by three of our observers, Monty Leventhal, Joe Gianninoto, and Tony Broxton. Thanks to them as well as all other contributors for another great rotation. Please take a look at their images by clicking on the above link leading to our archive.
Your Solar Section Team,

 
 

January 22, 2016

A short Summary of Carrington Rotation 2185

Carrington Rotation 2185 covered the time period from 2016-12-14 0115 UT – 2017-01-10 0913 UT and is our last rotational gallery for 2016.
226 Reports and images were submitted for our archive and can be viewed in ALPO’s Solar Archive for CR2185:
http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=95313
Whereas we could observe 9 regions during the previous rotation, only 6 regions paraded across the solar hemisphere during this time, AR2617 through AR2624. Two of them, AR2623 and AR2624, appeared and disappeared almost immediately. The largest region, AR2617, reached its maximum area of only 70 millionths on December 14 and 15. Oddly enough SWPC reported AR2624 as containing one spot but no area associated with it. The highest Wolf number of 25 was recorded on December 15.
This rotation produced spotless days for about half of the period. This brings the total spotless days at the end of the rotation to 42 since Solar maximum.

For this Rotation we would like to feature images submitted by three of our observers, Mike Borman, Howard Eskildsen, and Guilherme Grassmann. Thanks to them as well as all other contributors for another great rotation. Please take a look at their images by clicking on the above link leading to our archive.
Your Solar Section Team,

 
 

December 29, 2016

A Short Summary of Carrington Rotation 2184

Carrington Rotation 2184 covered the time period from 2016-11-16 1739 UT – 2016-12-14 0115 UT.
314 Reports and images were submitted for our archive and can be viewed in ALPO’s Solar Archive for CR2184:
http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=93274
During the rotation, 9 Active Regions could be observed, AR2609 through AR2617. The largest region, AR2612, reached its maximum area of only 170 millionths on November 28th. The total Active Region Area for the Solar hemisphere maxed out for the rotation at 260 millionths on November 30st and December 2nd . The Wolf number reached its maximum of 75 in between those two days on December 1st, when three regions were visible on the hemisphere. Carrington Rotation 2184 showed again a quiet time for the Sun as it did have three days with a total active region area and a Wolf number of 0 on November 22, and 23rd as well as December 11th. This brought the total spotless days since Solar maximum to 28.

For this Rotation we would like to feature again images of the Solar drawings submitted by three of our observers, Monte Leventhal, Joe Gianninoto, and Tony Broxton. Thanks to them as well as all other contributors for another great rotation. Please take a look at their images by clicking on the above link leading to our archive.

The ALPO Solar Team.

 
 

 
 

December 12, 2016

ALPOSS – A report on CR2178 and CR2179


ALPOSS Coordinator and Scientific Advisor Richard Hill continues his analysis of the solar activity in his detailed reports of the Carrington Rotations. This time he covers the Carrington Rotations: CR2178 and CR2179, or June 6th through July 30th, 2016. The reports are based on 886 reports and image submissions of numerous contributors to the Solar Observations Archive. The report was published in the 2017 Winter issue of the ALPO Journal, the Strolling Astronomer, and can now also be accessed as a stand alone document on ALPOSS Solar Observations & Reports page, or downloading it by “right”clicking on the picture below.

 
 

November 28, 2016

A short Summary of Carrington Rotation 2183

Carrington Rotation 2183 covered the time period from 2016-10-20 1024 UT until 2016-11-16 1739 UT.
367 Reports and images were submitted for our archive and can be viewed in ALPO’s Solar Archive for CR2183:
http://www.alpo-astronomy.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=91802
During the rotation, 9 Active Regions could be observed. The largest region, AR2607, reached its maximum area of only 100 millionths on November 12th. This is far smaller than the largest area in the previous rotation, and it is also the date where the total area for the Sun maxed out for the rotation at 120 millionths. The Wolf number reached its maximum one day later on November 13th when three regions were visible on the hemisphere for a Wolf number of 38. Carrington Rotation CR2183 showed again a quiet time for the Sun as it did have two days, November 3rd and November 9th, where the total active region area as well as the Wolf number were 0.
We thank all of those who did submit their data and continued their effort to record the solar activity over the years.
For this Rotation we are featuring three random images from our observers. Thanks to them as well as all other contributors for a great rotation. Please take a look at all their submission in our archive, by clicking the link above.

The ALPO Solar Team.

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